USA Rugby oversees four national teams, multiple Junior National Teams and an emerging Olympic development pathway for elite athletes.USA Rugby is governed by a 11 member Board of Directors, National Councils representing the membership and a professional staff headed by a CEO.

Following bylaw changes in spring of 2020, the former USA Rugby Congress devolved into appointed National Councils across the Youth & High School, Collegiate, Senior Club and International Athlete sectors. Through Community Service Agreements with the USA Rugby National Office, these National Councils govern competitions, member dues and development for each respective level of play in rugby.

Under the USA Rugby bylaws, USA Rugby shall have the following standing committees: Nominating Committee, Audit & Risk Committee, Diversity, Equity & Inclusion Committee, Discipline & Grievance Committee, Referees & Laws Committee, Medical Committee. Notwithstanding the foregoing, all committees that impact the International Athlete community shall have Qualified International Athlete representation, as required by the Ted Stevens Olympic and Amateur Sports Act and USOPC bylaws. Rules governing the appointment and election of committee members and the policies, procedures, and conduct of the committees shall be established by the Board, in consultation with the Councils, with the exception of specific Committees for which rules shall be described in these Bylaws.